Before the COVID-19 crisis, joblessness was 17.5 percent in December.
The Fourth Quarter 2020 Social Weather Survey was conducted from November 21-25 using face-to-face interviews of 1,500 adults nationwide: 600 in Balance Luzon and 300 each in Metro Manila, Visayas, and Mindanao. The sampling error margins are ±2.5\\% for national percentages, ±4\\% for Balance Luzon, and ±6\\% for Metro Manila, the Visayas, and Mindanao.
The survey was non-commissioned.
The survey question was: Kayo po ba ay may trabaho sa kasalukuyan, walang trabaho ngayon pero mayroon dati, o hindi pa nagkaroon ng trabaho kahit minsan? [Do you have a job at present, not have a job at present but used to have a job, or never had a job?]
If the respondent has no job, “Kayo po ba ay naghahanap ng trabaho o nagbabalak magtayo ng negosyo, o hindi? OO o HINDI [Are you looking for a job or planning to establish a business or not? YES or NO].
SWS said adults who are jobless consist of those who (a) voluntarily left their old jobs, (b) are seeking jobs for the first time, or (c) lost their jobs due to economic circumstances beyond their control.
Hunger among jobless
Families experiencing involuntary hunger or hunger due to lack of food to eat in the last three months fell among both the jobless by 21 points and among those with jobs by seven points when compared to September 2020.
According to SWS, the percentage of adults in the labor force whose families experienced moderate hunger – involuntary hunger experienced “Only once” or “A few times” – fell significantly among the jobless (from 30.2 percent to 15.3 percent), while only slightly among those with a job/livelihood (from 16.3 percent to 13.3 percent).
Meanwhile, those whose families experienced severe hunger – hunger experienced “Often” or “Always”– eased among both the jobless (from 12.3 percent to 6.1 percent) and among those with a job/livelihood (from 6.9 percent to 2.8 percent), the survey firm added.
Age group, area
Adult joblessness fell sharply in the Visayas, from a record-high 52 percent in September 2020 to 19.1 percent in November 2020.
It was also down in Mindanao, from 40 percent in September 2020 to 17 percent in November 2020.
In Balance Luzon, joblessness was from 33.5 percent in September 2020 to 32.7 percent in November 2020.
In Metro Manila, from 39.9 percent in September 2020, joblessness was recorded at 37.8 percent in November 2020.
Adult joblessness fell among women, from 51.1 percent in September 2020 to 34.1 percent in November 2020.
It also fell among men, from 29 percent in September 2020 to 22.2 percent in November 2020.
Adult joblessness fell sharply among those 45 years old and above, from 39.2 percent in September 2020 to 18.0 percent in November 2020.
It also fell among the 35-44-year-olds, from 33.9\\% in September 2020 to 23.9\\% in November 2020.
Among 25-34-year-olds, joblessness was also down from 39.3 percent in September 2020 to 33.6 percent in November 2020.
It hardly changed among the 18-24-year-olds, barely moving from 58.2 percent in September 2020 to 57.2 percent in November 2020.—LDF, GMA News